DIET DURING PREGNANCY AND LACTATION:
The special nutritional care to be taken during pregnancy are-
Eat small and frequent meals
Increase the protein intake. Include Egg, soybean, paneer, milk, and curd in the diet
Have 2-3 fruits daily. Include coloured and citrus fruits like oranges, banana, mango, plums etc.
Include green leafy and all coloured vegetables in your diet.
Drink 7-8 glasses of water
EAT FOOD RICH IN FOLIC ACID
Folic acid is required from conception to full pregnancy.
Folic acid supplements are recommended
Folic acid increases foetus weight, and reduces congenital abnormalities
Green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts are good source
EAT FOOD RICH IN IRON
Iron deficiency leads to anemia
Iron is required for hemoglobin, mental functions and body defense
Iron helps in adequate birth weight
Green leafy vegetables, dry fruits, legumes, roasted Bengal gram eggs, meat fish, and poultry are rich sources of iron
Citrus fruits like oranges, grapes, amla, increase iron absorption
Tea reduces iron absorption, so it should not be taken with meals
EAT CALCIUM RICH FOODS
Calcium is needed for growth and development
Milk, curd ,paneer, nuts ,green leafy vegetables, whole pulses, and Grains especially ragi are rich sources
FOODS TO BE AVOIDED:
Check with the doctor before taking vitamins and herbal products as some of
these can be harmful
High caffeine intake is linked with increased risk of miscarriages. It is probably
wise to avoid the caffeine altogether or tea or coffee or soda with caffeine should
be taken in restricted quantities.
Soft, unpasteurized cheeses, such as feta, blue cheese etc (often advertised as
Unpasteurized milk, juices and apple cider.
Raw eggs or foods containing raw eggs including mousses etc
Raw or uncooked meats fish or shell fish.
Processed meats such as hotdogs and deli meats(these should be well cooked)
STRATEGIES FOR MANAGING MORNING SICKNESS:
Eat small, low-fat meals and snacks (slowly)
Drink fluids between meals, avoid caffeine
Limit spicy and high-fat foods
Avoid lying down after eating or drinking
Take a walk after meals
Wear loose-fitting clothes
Increase fluid and fiber intake to reduce constipation